In closely watched speech, President Xi Jinping calls for implementation of reforms but offers no specific details.
President Xi Jinping has said that no one can "dictate" China's economic development path, in a closely watched speech marking 40 years since the opening up of the Chinese economy to the rest of the world, a move that has transformed the world's most populous country into a global economic powerhouse.
His address on Tuesday came as China is locked in diplomatic spats and a bitter trade war with the United States amid pressure to accelerate changes on the economic front.
Addressing Communist Party members for nearly 90 minutes, Xi promised to press ahead with economic reforms but offered no new specific measures.
"We must, unswervingly, reinforce the development of the state economy while, unswervingly, encouraging, supporting and guiding the development of the non-state economy," Xi said, while making it clear that Beijing will not deviate from its one-party system or take orders from any other country.
"The great banner of socialism has always been flying high over the Chinese land," Xi said. "The leadership of the Communist Party of China is the most essential feature of socialism with Chinese characteristics and the greatest advantage of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics," he added.
https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/12/ ... 20736.html
When one great power threatens to displace another, war is almost always the result -- but it doesn’t have to be.
In April, chocolate cake had just been served at the Mar-a-Lago summit when President Donald Trump leaned over to tell Chinese President Xi Jinping that American missiles had been launched at Syrian air bases, according to Trump’s account of the evening. What the attack on Syria signaled about Trump’s readiness to attack North Korea was left to Xi’s imagination.
Welcome to dinner with the leaders who are now attempting to manage the world’s most dangerous geopolitical relationship.
The story is a small one. But as China challenges America’s predominance, misunderstandings about each other’s actions and intentions could lead them into a deadly trap first identified by the ancient Greek historian Thucydides. As he explained, “It was the rise of Athens and the fear that this instilled in Sparta that made war inevitable.” The past 500 years have seen 16 cases in which a rising power threatened to displace a ruling one. Twelve of these ended in war.
Of the cases in which war was averted — Spain outstripping Portugal in the late 15th century, the United States overtaking the United Kingdom at the turn of the 20th century, and Germany’s rise in Europe since 1990 — the ascent of the Soviet Union is uniquely instructive today. Despite moments when a violent clash seemed certain, a surge of strategic imagination helped both sides develop ways to compete without a catastrophic conflict. In the end, the Soviet Union imploded and the Cold War ended with a whimper rather than a bang.
Although China’s rise presents particular challenges, Washington policymakers should heed five Cold War lessons.
Lesson 1: War between nuclear superpowers is Madness.
The United States and the Soviet Union built nuclear arsenals so substantial that neither could be sure of disarming the other in a first strike. Nuclear strategists described this condition as “mutual assured destruction,” or MAD. Technology, in effect, made the United States and Soviet Union conjoined twins — neither able to kill the other.
Today, China has developed its own robust nuclear arsenal. From confrontations in the South and East China Sea, to the gathering storm over the Korean Peninsula, leaders must recognize that war would be suicidal.
https://foreignpolicy.com/2017/06/09/th ... ides-trap/
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China has allowed thier leaders to reap the benefits of the reformed economy without the breakdown of thier system, so they will pragmatically see tariffs on products means less sales........war means no market in the West and the poor populous Asian and African nations they are tying together are generations from being any market to replace the West......no war on that front either.